At a site in Russia, just below the Arctic Circle, scientists have found artifacts that match those known to be of Neanderthal origin. While we thought Neanderthals vanished about 37,000 to 40,000 years BP, this is a clue suggesting they lingered another 8,000 years or so. So far, though, there are only artifacts, not human remains, and this isn't a settled issue.
COMMENT: Cryptozoologists like Myra Shackley have suggested Neanderthals lasted much longer: indeed, that in the rugged central Asian region known as the Pamirs, they may still exist. There is no hard evidence here, just sightings and footprints, but it's irresistible to hope the stories of the almas might really hide a human tribe from the mists of time.